Every year I promise to share The Absolute Best Prime Rib Recipe and every year I forget to take pictures. This year I’m making prime rib AND sharing the recipe!!

garlic prime rib on a platter

Not only am I the worst at promising to share The Absolute Best Prime Rib Recipe with you all, but I’m also the worst at remembering to do it well in advance so you can be ready for the holidays. I promised myself to get it done early this year and this is good enough, right?

And because I’m super fantastic, I’m also going over a lot of tips, tricks and things to avoid so that it turns out absolutely perfect for you!!!


I don’t know what it is about prime rib, but you throw that out there and people seriously come running. I was actually talking to my mom on the phone while I was shooting this recipe and sure enough, “Oh, what I wouldn’t give to be there!!!!” Part of it is that the meat is so incredibly tender, juicy, and dare I even say buttery that you just can’t help but love the heck out of it.

Oh, but for me that’s not even the best part. I’m all about the outside. It’s all caramelized and packed full of flavor. I’m telling you, it’s like the burnt ends on a brisket. It’s so, so good!!!!

Generally speaking, prime rib is served rare to medium rare, but I’ll be honest, I like mine more like medium. It’s entirely up to you and I’ll put all of the different prime rib temperatures and times below.

I’ve messed up enough Prime Rib recipes to know exactly what you should and shouldn’t do. So let’s jump right in there and get cookin’.

garlic prime rib on a platter

What is Prime Rib?

Standing Rib Roast and Prime Rib Roast are the same exact same thing. It’s just that different people call them different things. A prime rib is a cut of beef from the primal rib, one of the nine cuts of beef. While the entire rib section comprises ribs six through twelve, a standing rib roast may contain anywhere from two to seven ribs, just depending on what you buy as there are options!

What’s the Difference Between Prime Rib vs Ribeye?

The “Prime Rib” is basically just a marketing term. It refers to a standing rib roast from that section or cut. The Ribeye Roast is a rib roast that has been carved off of the bone. It is the same piece of meat as a standing rib roast.

How to Buy Prime Rib

Most stores don’t sell very high quality Prime Rib cuts. The first thing you should do is head to a butcher that you trust. Look for a prime rib roast with an untrimmed fat cap (ideally ½ inch thick). We prefer the flavor and texture of prime-grade beef, but choice grade will work as well, just ask the butcher which he has.

If possible, buy a prime rib roast that has the bones attached. This isn’t always the case and you’ll be fine if they aren’t, but tying the ribs to the meat will give you a more even, juicy roast versus boneless.

Why is Prime Rib so Expensive?

Oh, I’m so with you, why is prime rib roast so expensive?! The more marbling, the more flavorful it will be. A full prime rib is cut from the 6th through 12th ribs of the cow, so seven ribs in total, meaning you are getting quite a lot of meat and bones. It’s one of those cuts that ends up being extra work for a butcher and extra juicy for you, also making it more expensive. 

How Much Prime Rib Per Person?

It’s so hard to know how much meat people are going to eat. I like to use the rule for prime rib of about 1 pound per adult.

  • How much prime rib for 8 adults? A 4-bone prime rib will feed 8 to 10 people.
  • How much prime rib for 20 adults? An 8 to 10 bone prime rib is better for 20 people.

best prime rib recipe

How to Cook Prime Rib

I’ve shared very detailed instructions on the best way to cook prime rib in the recipe card below. But the basic steps to making the best prime rib EVER are as follows: 

  1. Carefully slice the meat off the bones and rub kosher salt all over the prime rib. Refrigerate, uncovered, for at least 24 hours. 
  2. Let the prime rib come to room temperature before searing it in an oiled skillet. 
  3. Once cool enough to handle, tie the meat back onto the  bones. 
  4. Transfer roast to a wire rack set on top of a rimmed baking sheet. Season with pepper, then rub with garlic butter. 
  5. Roast at 200ºF until the meat registers your desired internal temperature (see our notes below). 
  6. Remove roast from oven and tent loosely with aluminum foil. Let rest for at least 30 minutes before returning to oven to broil the very top. 
  7. Cut twine from meat, slice, and serve! 

Is this the best prime rib roast recipe ever?? I think it might just be! 

How Long to Cook Prime Rib

Depending on how done you want it to be, your roast will be in the oven for anywhere from 3 ½ to 4 ½ hours. If you need prime rib done faster, try our Instant Pot Prime Rib! It’s delicious!

How to Remove the Bones from a Prime Rib Roast

To remove the bones from the roast, use a very sharp knife, we prefer to only use Wusthof,  and run it down the length of the bones, following the contours of the roast as closely as possible until the meat is separated from the bones.

Prime Rib Temperatures to Remember

  • Medium Rare Prime Rib — Medium rare means the meat is mostly pink with a deeper, nearly red center. The temperature should be 130ºF. 
  • Medium to Medium Well Prime Rib — The temperature should be 135 to 140°F.
  • Well Done Prime Rib — The temperature should be 140 to 145°F.

how to cook prime rib


Tips for Making the Best Prime Rib Ever

Salt the Prime Rib Overnight

First and foremost, overnight salting is the most important step for prime rib. Others may try to fool you into thinking it’s the resting stage, which is up there for sure, but it’s not number 1.

Rub a good quality kosher salt all over the meat the day before you want to cook it. Now, place it in the refrigerator overnight, UNCOVERED in order to enhance the beefy flavor while dissolving some of the proteins, which yields a buttery-tender, juicy roast.

Keep the Oven Door Shut

Take it from me, a prime rib is stressful the first time you make it. Well, if you haven’t been given any tips or tricks, that is. 

I was super worried about undercooking the roast so I checked it too often. This was lengthening the cooking process and ended up cooking it over medium temperature. Monitoring the roast with a meat-probe thermometer is best.

If you use an instant-read thermometer like this Thermopro Instant Read, open the oven door as little as possible. Also, remove the roast from the oven while taking its temperature, so you aren’t letting out extra heat.

My Prime Rib is Still Not Done!  

If your roast has not reached the temperature you wanted in the time range specified, heat the oven to 200 degrees, wait for 5 minutes, then shut it off, and continue to cook the roast until it reaches the desired temperature.

Let the Standing Rib Roast Rest

Another crucial step when making a standing rib roast recipe in the oven is to give it time to rest. This is after you remove it from the oven and before serving it to your guests.

Heat drives juices toward the center of the meat. Think of when you cut into a steak that hasn’t rested and the juices all run out and it’s chewy versus at a restaurant where you notice that the juices are perfectly distributed. A rest gives juices the chance to redistribute themselves.

You’ll want to loosely tent the meat with foil and let it rest for 20- 30 minutes before carving.

More Holiday Recipes:

Looking for more HOLIDAY recipes? Here’s an entire list:  

Or if you want a different beef recipe, try this Corned Beef Brisket!

More Decadent MAIN DISHES You Must Try:

The Absolute Best Prime Rib Recipe

3.55 from 51 votes
Servings: 10
Prep Time: 1 day 3 hours
Cook Time: 4 hours
Total Time: 1 day 7 hours


Every year I promise to share The Absolute Best Prime Rib Recipe and every year I forget to take pictures. This year I'm making prime rib AND sharing the recipe!!


  • 7 Pound Standing Rib Roast, Prime Rib
  • 2 Tablespoons Kosher Salt, heaping
  • 1 1/2 Teaspoons Black Pepper
  • 4 Tablespoons Butter, unsalted
  • 4-6 Cloves Garlic, minced


  • Using a very sharp knife, cut slits in the outer surface layer of fat, spaced 1 inch apart, in cross pattern, much like crossing on a baked ham. Do not cut into the meat.
    7 Pound Standing Rib Roast
  • Gently slice down through the meat, following the bones to remove them from the meat. Do not discard.
  • Rub 2 heaping tablespoons of Kosher salt over entire roast and especially rub it into the slits.
    2 Tablespoons Kosher Salt
  • Place the meat back on bones and onto a plate.
  • Refrigerate the meat, uncovered, at least 24 hours and up to 96 hours.
  • Place the meat on the counter to rest for 2-3 hours so it takes the chill off.
  • Adjust the oven rack to a middle position and heat the oven to 200 degrees.
  • Heat oil in 12-inch skillet or dutch oven over high heat until smoking.
  • Sear sides, top and avoid the bottom of the roast where you removed the bones (reserving bone on the plate). Place meat back on rib bones, so bones fit where they were cut, and let cool for 10 minutes so you can touch it; tie meat to bones with 2 pieces of twine between the ribs.
  • Transfer the roast, fat side up, to a wire rack set in a rimmed baking sheet and season with pepper.
    1 1/2 Teaspoons Black Pepper
  • Mix the butter and garlic in a bowl, and rub it all over the meat.
    4-6 Cloves Garlic, 4 Tablespoons Butter
  • Roast until meat registers 120 degrees, 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 hours.
  • Turn off the oven; leave the roast in oven, opening door as little as possible, until meat registers about 120 degrees for rare or about 125 degrees for medium-rare, 135-140° for medium, and 140-145°F for well done, 30 to 75 minutes longer.
  • Remove roast from oven (leave roast on baking sheet), tent loosely with aluminum foil, and let rest for at least 30 minutes and up to 75 minutes.
  • Adjust the oven rack about 8 inches from broiler element and heat broiler. Remove foil from the roast. Broil until top of roast is well browned and crisp, 2 to 8 minutes.
  • Transfer roast to carving board; cut twine and remove roast from ribs.
  • Slice meat into 3/4-inch-thick slices. Season with coarse salt to taste along with any drippings turned to gravy, and serve.


To reheat, place in a baking pan, pour a little au jus or beef broth over it,  and cover with foil.  Bake at 300 degrees for about 20 minutes, depending on size.


Serving: 1gCalories: 990kcalCarbohydrates: 1gProtein: 43gFat: 89gSaturated Fat: 38gCholesterol: 204mgSodium: 1577mgPotassium: 710mgFiber: 1gSugar: 1gVitamin A: 140IUVitamin C: 1mgCalcium: 29mgIron: 5mg
Author: Sweet Basil
Course: 100 + BEST Easy Beef Recipes for Dinner

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garlic prime rib on a platter